On thermopylea and platea

By this point the Greek army had been reinforced by many other city-states, giving the Greeks a total strength ofmen. The level of the Malian Gulf was also significantly higher during prehistoric times and the Spercheios River was significantly shorter.

At daybreak on the third day, the Phocians guarding the path above Thermopylae became aware of the outflanking Persian column by the rustling of oak leaves. However, as the majority of the Greek army retreated, Leonidas, his bodyguards, some helots people enslaved by the Spartansand 1, Boeotians remained behind, supposedly because retreating would defy Spartan law and custom.

Anopaea behind the cliffs that flanked the pass. This maneuver did not go as planned, and when dawn broke the Greek force was strung out and disorganized.

It was a decisive victory for the Greeks as it ended that war. The Spartans hesitated as they were celebrating a religious festival, but eventually sent 40, men under the command of Pausanias to aid the Athenians. When their supply lines were disrupted, the Greeks retreated a distance, and their battle-line fragmented.

Thermopylae is part of the infamous "horseshoe of Maliakos " also known as the "horseshoe of death": Travelling through the lands of Thessaly, Macedonia and Thrace by the shortest road, Artabazus eventually made it back to Byzantiumthough losing many men to Thracian attacks, weariness and hunger.

The hot springs from which Thermopylae takes its name. According to Herodotus only 43, of thePersians survived the battle, while the Greeks as a whole lost only men.

His forces quickly seized northern Greece and began moving south. The destruction of this army, and the remnants of the Persian navy, allegedly on the same day at the Battle of Mycaleended the invasion. The Persian Artabazus, who had unsuccessfully tried to convince Mardonius to avoid a pitched battle, took command of the Persian force and immediately retreated, allowing the Greeks to capture their camp.

Unlike Aristodemus, Dilios is not ordered home because of infection, although he does lose an eye in combat. Herodotus observes this was very uncommon for the Persians, as they traditionally treated "valiant warriors" with great honour the example of Pytheas, captured off Skiathos before the Battle of Artemisiumstrengthens this suggestion.

The combined Greek force of 4, included Spartans, a number of Greek slaves, and allies from Arcadia, Corinth, Thespiae and Thebes.


A bronze column in the shape of intertwined snakes was created from the treasure acquired in the plunder of the Persian camp, which commemorated all the Greek city-states who participated in the battle.

Mardonius himself was killed in action with the Spartans, and the leaderless Persians then broke and fled.

Thermopylae (480 BCE)

In the movie adaptation of the same nameDilios was portrayed by David Wenham. Battle of Plataea, July bce. As always in an ancient battle, the casualties of a routing army were horrific.

This ended the Persian Waralthough the Persians continued to interfere in Greek politics until they were conquered in the 4th century BC by Alexander the Great.

The Persian army, now under the command of Artabazusretreated all the way back to Asia Minor after Plataea. The Spartans fielded 5, Spartiates full citizen soldiers ; this was the largest single Spartan fighting force ever to appear in battle.

After a protracted siege Sestos fell to the Athenians, marking the beginning of a new phase in the Greco-Persian Wars, the Greek counterattack.

Pausanius therefore decided on a night move to a new position. Athens, for instance, allegedly fielded a fleet of triremes at Salamis, [44] manned by approximately 36, rowers and fighters. However, at the last-ditch naval Battle of Salamisthe Allied Greek navy had won a surprise victory, and that stopped the conquest of the whole Peloponnesus.

Its shoreline advanced by up to 2 kilometers between BC and BC but still has left several extremely narrow passages between the sea and the mountains. Herodotus tells us in several places that the Greeks held council during the prelude to the battle, implying that decisions were consensual and that Pausanias did not have the authority to issue direct orders to the other contingents.

This is a juxtaposition of various historical and legendary elements from the Battle of Thermopylae.

Battle of Thermopylae

Finally Mardonius decided to attack, but the Greeks were warned of this by Alexander of Macedon.The battle of Thermopylae between Greeks led by Leonidas and Persians led by Xerxes. Descriptive texts and many photos of the battlefield and the modern monuments. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Thermopylae, Greece on TripAdvisor: See traveler reviews and photos of Thermopylae tourist attractions.

Find what to do today, this weekend, or in September. We have reviews of the best places to see in Thermopylae. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Greek battles (marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, Platea) study guide by ack includes 5 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.

Aristodemus of Sparta

Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. the battle of thermopylae The Battle of Thermopylae is a classic example of the Spartan creed of kill or be killed.

After Xerxes crossed the Hellespont (the strait that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea), he headed south to attack Athens. Battle of Thermopylae, ( bce), battle in central Greece at the mountain pass of Thermopylae during the Persian Wars.

The Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led by Leonidas. After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks.

The Battle of Plataea was fought in August BC during the Persian Wars; the Persians were defeated and driven from Greece.

Things to Do in Thermopylae, Greece - Thermopylae Attractions

Persian Wars: .

On thermopylea and platea
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